Department of Dental Medicine
Dental medicine is a branch of medicine that consists of the study, diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of diseases, disorders, and conditions of the oral cavity, commonly in the dentition but also the oral mucosa, and of adjacent and related structures and tissues, particularly in the maxillofacial (jaw and facial) area.
Main units of Dental Medicine
Conservative Care Unit
Assets of Dental Medicine
Common Disorder associated
- Periodontal Disease
- Tooth Decay & Cavities
- Oral Cancer
- Cleft Lip or Palate
- Oral Thrush
- Root Canal Treatment:
It is a treatment involving a sequence of steps to repair and save a badly damaged/infected tooth instead of removing it, by cleaning the canals inside a tooth’s root and relieving the dental pain.
- Dental Extraction:
It is a procedure of removing a badly damaged/infected tooth from the tooth sockets of the jaw bones.
- Dental Crown & Bridge:
These are fixed artificial substitutes done to restore the functionality as well as aesthetics of the missing or damaged tooth/teeth. A dental crown replaces a damaged/fractured tooth structure. A dental bridge is used when one or more teeth are missing.
- Dental Tooth Filling:
It is a treatment modality of restoring missing tooth structure due to either tooth decay or trauma, done with the help of dental filling materials and hence protecting it from further decay.
- Dental Implants:
It is an artificial tooth root replacement placed surgically in the jaw bone to hold a dental crown or bridge.
- Gum Surgery:
It is a surgical treatment done to treat gum disease (periodontitis) that involves re-growing damaged bones and tissues, preventing tooth mobility and loss, reducing gum gaps and reshaping jaw bone to eliminate bacterial growth.
- Dental Scaling and Root Planing:
Scaling is a procedure of removing all the tooth and gum plaques, stains and tartars (hardened plaques) and eliminating bacterial growth on the gum pockets. Root Planing is a procedure of smoothening out the tooth root to help with the reattachment of the gum to the tooth.
- Wisdom tooth/Impacted Tooth Removal:
It is a surgical procedure done to remove the wisdom tooth or any other tooth/teeth which has been buried (impacted) inside the jaw bone by cutting into the gums and taking out the problematic overlying bone before removing the tooth.
- Dentures – Complete Denture & Removable Partial Denture:
A Complete Denture is a removable prosthetic appliance/device used when all the teeth has been lost and needs an artificial replacement.
A Removable Partial Denture is a removable prosthetic appliance/device used when one or few but not all the teeth have been lost and need an artificial replacement.
- Full Mouth Rehabilitation:
It is a highly individualized treatment/therapy which is done to optimize and improve the health of the entire mouth, including the teeth, the gums and the bite in harmony with the jaw joint as well.
It deals with the specialization of treating patients with improper positioning/alignment of teeth, jaws and bite patterns.
- Dental X-ray (R.V.G) and Oral Diagnosis:
It involves diagnosing the wide range of dental and oral problems and diseases, such as teeth, gums, jaw bones, tongue, palate, faucial pillars, lips, cheeks and jaw muscles and joints (Temporo-Mandibular Joint).
- Cysts and Tumor of the Jaw:
A Cyst is a pathological cavity inside the jaw bone filled with fluid/soft cheesy material that can grow and hollow out the jaw bone from inside. A Tumor is abnormal tissue growths of either the jaw bone or any other oral soft tissue structure which can be either benign or cancerous.
- Oral Cancer Screening:
It is an examination process to look for signs of cancer or precancerous conditions in the mouth, face, head and neck.
Specialist of Dental Medicine
Dr. Mukesh Chettri
Personal Information –